SHRIMP U-Pb zircon geochronological and geochemicalevidence for Neoproterozoic arc-magmatism along thewestern margin of the Yangtze Block, South China
The magmatic and tectonic history of the Yangtze Block and its possible affinity with other Neoproterozoic arc terranes are important in the reconstruction of Neoproterozoic plate tectonics. In the Panxi Belt, adjacent to the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau, there are many metamorphic complexes associated with Neoproterozoic granites. These are granitic gneisses of upper greenschist to amphibolite metamorphic facies, which have traditionally been considered the Archean basement of the Yangtze Block, although their origin and age of formation were poorly understood. This study provides the first reliable, SHRIMP U^Pb zircon dating results for the gneissic complexes and the Neoproterozoic granites. Three samples of the Kangding gneissic complex yielded identical ages of 797þ10, 795 þ13 and 796þ14 Ma.The Gongcai gneissic complex has zircons dated to be 824þ 14 Ma with metamorphic rims of 177 þ3 Ma, whereas the Gezong granite has an older age of 864 þ8 Ma. Other gneissic complexes include the Miyi complex that has a younger age of 764 þ9 Ma. Geochemical data show that the Kangding gneissic complex has arc signatures, representing metamorphic products of Neoproterozoic, arc-related acidic plutons. This scenario suggests subduction of oceanic lithosphere eastward (present-day orientation) underneath the Yangtze Block. There is a well-defined arc assemblage with an identical Neoproterozoic age along the eastern margin of the Yangtze Block. Thus, during Neoproterozoic time, both the western and eastern margins of the block were active arcs separated by the Trans-Yangtze basin. The Yangtze Block must, therefore, have been an isolated continent, although it was presumably located near the Rodinian supercontinent.
Structural and geochronological constraints on the tectonic evollution of the Dulong-Song Chay tectonic dome in Yunnan province, SW China
The Dulong-Song Chay tectonic dome lies on the border of China (SE Yunnan Province) and northern Vietnam, and consists of two tectonic and lithologic units: a core complex and a cover sequence, separated by an extensional detachment fault. These two units are overlain unconformably by Late Triassic strata. The core complex is composed of gneiss, schist and amphibolite. SHRIMP zircon U–Pb dating results for the orthogneiss yield an age of 799G10 Ma, which is considered to be the crystallization age of its igneous protolith formed in an arc-related environment. A granitic intrusion within the core complex occurred with an age of 43–402 Ma, which probably formed during partial closure of Paleotethys. Within the core complex, metamorphic grades change sharply from upper greenschist-low amphibolite facies in the core to low greenschist facies in the cover sequence. There are two arrays of foliation within the core complex, detachment fault and the cover sequence: S1 and S2. The pervasive S1 is the axial plane of intrafolial S0 folds. D1 deformation related to this foliation is characterized by extensional structures.The strata were structurally thinned or selectively removed along the detachment faults, indicating exhumation of the Dulong-Song Chay tectonic dome. The major extension occurred at 237 Ma, determined by SHRIMP zircon U–Pb and 39Ar/40Ar isotopic dating techniques. Regionally,simultaneous tectonic extension was associated with pre-Indosinian collision between the South China and Indochina Blocks. The S2 foliation appears as the axial plane of NW-striking S1 buckling folds formed during a compressional regime of D2. D2 is associated with collision between the South China and Indochina Blocks along the Jinshajiang-Ailao Shan suture zone, and represents the Indosinian deformation. The Dulong granites intruded the Dulong-Song Chay dome at 144G2, 140G2 and 116G10 Ma based on 39Ar/40Ar measurement on muscovite and biotite.The dome was later overprinted by a conjugate strike-slip fault and related thrust fault, which formed a vortex structure, contemporaneously with late Cenozoic sinistral movement on the Ailao Shan-Red River fault.
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